1783, Kingdom of Hungary, Joseph II. Mint Year: 1783 (B) Mint Place: Kremnitz (B) Reference: Davenport 1168B, KM-395.1. Certified and graded by PCGS as AU-55!Denomination: Thaler (also known as Madonna Thaler) State: Kingdom of Hungary (as part of the Holy Roman Empire) Diameter: 41mm Weight: 27.9gm Material: Silver. Stephen, supported by flying angels, above hungarian arms within Maria Theresa Order chain.
Reverse: Crowned Madonna, holding scepter, orb and child, seated in clouds and stepped on crescent below. MARIA MATER DEI (B) PATRONA HVNG.
Joseph Benedikt Anton Michael Adam (March 13, 1741 February 20, 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. He was the eldest son of Empress Maria Theresa and her husband, Francis I. Joseph was a proponent of enlightened absolutism.Some of these reforms faced a vehement opposition by peasants and lords in several kingdoms and largely failed e. In Hungary but he gained immense popularity in other, more developed kingdoms, especially Bohemia where the name "Josef" became the most popular male first name.
The death of Maria Theresa on November 29, 1780, left Joseph free. He immediately directed his government on a new course.
He proceeded to attempt to realize his ideal of enlightened despotism acting on a definite system for the good of all. The measures of emancipation of the peasantry which his mother had begun were carried on by him with feverish activity. The spread of education, the secularization of church lands, the reduction of the religious orders and the clergy in general to complete submission to the lay state, the issue of the Patent of Tolerance (1781) providing limited guarantee of freedom of worship, the promotion of unity by the compulsory use of the German languageeverything which from the point of view of 18th century philosophy, the Age of Enlightenment, appeared "reasonable"were undertaken at once.
He strove for administrative unity with characteristic haste to reach results without preparation. In addition, Joseph abolished serfdom in 1781.
Later, in 1789, he decreed that peasants must be paid in cash payments rather than labor obligations. Also he abolished the death penalty in 1787 and it remained until 1795. The item "1783, Kingdom of Hungary, Joseph II. PCGS AU-55" is in sale since Sunday, December 1, 2019. This item is in the category "Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Europe\Hungary".
The seller is "coinworldtv" and is located in Wien. This item can be shipped worldwide.