Assassins is the name given to the Nizari Ismailis in the mountains of Persia and Syria between about 1090 to 1275. The name was not used by the Nizaris themselves, but was given to them by their opponents in Syria.Nizarism formed in the late 11th century after a split within Ismailism, a branch of Shia Islam. Based on texts from Alamut, their grand master Hassan-i Sabbah tended to call his disciples Asasiyyun (??????? , meaning "people who are faithful to the foundation [of the faith]"), but some foreign travellers like Marco Polo misunderstood the name as deriving from the term hashish. The Nizaris posed a strategic threat to Sunni Seljuq authority by capturing and inhabiting several mountain fortresses throughout Persia and later Syria, under the leadership of Hassan-i Sabbah. Asymmetric warfare, psychological warfare, and surgical strikes were often a tactic of the assassins, drawing their opponents into submission rather than risk killing them.
While "Assassins" typically refers to the entire sect, only a group of acolytes known as the fida'i actually engaged in conflict. Lacking their own army, the Nizari relied on these warriors to carry out espionage and assassinations of key enemy figures, and over the course of 300 years they successfully killed two caliphs, and many viziers, sultans, and Crusader leaders. During the rule of Imam Rukn-ud-Din Khurshah, the Nizari state declined internally, and was eventually destroyed as the Imam surrendered the castles to the invading Mongols. The Mongols destroyed and eliminated their Order.
Mentions of Assassins were preserved within European sources - such as the writings of Marco Polo - where they are depicted as trained killers, responsible for the systematic elimination of opposing figures. The word "assassin" has been used ever since to describe a hired or professional killer, leading to the related term "assassination", which denotes any action involving murder of a high-profile target for political reasons. Country: Niue Year: 2019 Metal: Silver Purity. 999 Face ValWeigh2 Weight: 2 Oz - 62.2g Diameter: 46 mm Finish: ANTIQUE FINISH, 24K GOLD PLATED AND ULTRA HIGH RELIEF Mintage: 999 Pcs Worldwide Certificate COA: Yes Box: Yes.
The item "2019 2 Oz Silver $2 Niue ASSASSINS Antique Finish Coin" is in sale since Saturday, June 1, 2019. This item is in the category "Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ World\Australia & Oceania\Other Oceania Coins". The seller is "luispapi1983" and is located in Absecon, New Jersey. This item can be shipped worldwide.